Bibliotekarz Podlaski nr 30 / 2015


bibliotekarz_nr30 - 1

  UKRAINA: TRADYCJA, KULTURA, JĘZYK


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 SPIS TREŚCI (TABLE OF CONTENTS)

 

 

I. Ukraina: tradycja, kultura, język, księgozbiory (Ukraine: Tradition, Culture, Language, Book Collections)

 

 

Irena Ciborowska-Rymarowicz, Orientalista Tadeusz Krusiński (1675–1757) і egzemplarze jego prac w bibliotekach klasztornych i prywatnych XVIII wieku

The Orientalist Tadeusz Krusiński (1675–1757) and the Copies of His Works in Eighteenth-Century Monasterial and Private Libraries
The article examines the distribution channels of printed books in the eighteenth century (and earlier), paying special attention to so-called ‘author’s gifts.’ Copies of old prints with handwritten dedications reveal at least part of the author’s social contacts, which, in turn, may contribute to the deepening of biographical research into the author’s private life and ways of dissemination of his writings. As the case of Tadeusz Krusiński’s works indicates, each and every copy deserves to be subject to meticulous scrutiny.
Key words: old prints, Tadeusz Krusiński, history of rare books collection, bibliology


Jarosław Poliszczuk, Reorientacja w ukraińskiej humanistyce

A Turn in the Ukrainian Humanities
The author of the article attempts to demonstrate how the crisis in Ukrainian society is refl ected in the humanities. After the fall of the Soviet Union, there came a period of stagnation in Ukraine. A change was triggered by the Revolution of Honor which took place in Ukraine in winter of 2013. Since then new models of scientifi c development have been proposed, especially by young Ukrainian intellectualists; however, some of these ideas require active state support. The modernization of humanities necessitates taking overall measures. This means that some state institutions, such as the National Academy of Science and universities, need to be reformed. A great tension can be observed among scholars specializing in literary studies and history – they keep arguing about methodologies, criteria of assessment and perspectives for further development. The liberal research models promulgated in the works of Y. Hrytsak, T. Hundorova, and A. Portnov are in a stark confl ict with the remnants of old and outdated academic thinking of the previous era. A ‘lustration’ in the academic ranks seems necessary, but there exist no procedures to implement it. The humanities in contemporary Ukraine ask for fundamental changes – that is the main task for the nearest, European future.
Key words: the humanities, science, crisis, turn, the Revolution of Honor, literary studies, history, lustration


Mariya Bracka, Idee kijowskiego Bractwa Cyryla i Metodego (1846–1847) w świetle krytyki postkolonialnej

The Ideas of the Brotherhood of Saints Cyril and Methodius (1846–1847) from Kiev in the Perspective of Post-Colonial Studies
The author of the article sketches a brief (a year-and-a-half long) history of the Brotherhood of Saints Cyril and Methodius, which operated in Kiev from 1846 to 1847. The Brotherhood was set up in Kiev by students who drew upon Christian dogmas and principles with the aim of spiritually renewing the society. Moreover, it propagated the idea of uniting all Slavic nations. Even though the activities of the Brotherhood were brought to a sudden end by Russian repressive measures, its existence was and still is inextricably tied with the history of Ukrainian national identity. Resorting to post-colonial concepts and ideas, the author of the article emphasizes the uniqueness of the Brotherhood, especially when it is examined against the backdrop of earlier Ukrainian tendencies to imitate Russian culture.
Key words: the Brotherhood of Saints Cyril and Methodius, history of Ukraine, Slavophilism, post-colonialism


Artur Bracki, „Rewolucja godności” a sytuacja językowa na Ukrainie – obraz po bitwie

The Revolution of Dignity and Language Problems in Ukraine. An After-Battle View
The paper considers language phenomena (as the products of state policies, public feelings and a general state of affairs in Ukraine) in the context of the recent socio-political upheaval. The author chooses the national language as both the starting point for his deliberations and the main category that enables him to examine the changes that are happening in the Ukrainian society. The national language always shapes the culture and conditions the identity of the people who live within the given cultural sphere, but in contemporary Ukraine this process has assumed an unprecedented scale. The analysis presented in the article touches upon typical phenomena that can be observed in Europe these days, e.g. the anglicization of everyday language and sociolects as compared with the standard Ukrainian.
Key words: Ukrainian, English, sociolects, everyday language

 


II. Konteksty literaturoznawcze i historyczne (Literary and Historical Contexts)

 

 

Estera Weres, U źródeł kobiecej literatury żydowskiej – Rebeka z Tykocina i jej ‚Meneket Rywka’

The Roots of Jewish Female Literature – Rebeka of Tykocin and Her ‚Meneket Rywka’
The article presents the circumstances surrounding the composition of the first book by a Jewish female author. The book – written in Yiddish in sixteenth-century Tykocin (in Podlasie), a small town in Eastern Poland – is entitled Meneket Rywka (Nanny), and its author, Rywka bat Meir (Rywka, Meir’s daughter), conceived it as a morality guide. A meticulous analysis of the text has revealed that Rywka was exceptionally well-educated and must have been moving in intellectual circles. The article discusses the main problems considered in the book, as well as the history of its critical reception, and features some fragments of this prose translated into Polish.
Key words: Yiddish literature, Renaissance, Jewish female literature, Meneket Rywka


Anna Karczewska, „Pokażmy, żeśmy dorosły do wysokości zadania…” O ewolucji świadomości kobiet wiejskich w świetle listów do galicyjskiego „Piasta” w okresie I wojny światowej

‚Let’s Show Them We Measure Up to It…’ The Evolution of Peasant Women’s Self-Consciousness as Refl ected in Letters Sent to Galician ‚Piast’ during World War I
The article discusses the status of female peasants in Galicia during World War I, an important issue that still awaits to be fully researched by scholars. Female peasants from Galicia did not happen to be the focus of academic examination of any kind, neither did they come under scrutiny by the press at the time. It was male peasants that created – deliberately or not – the image of life in rural areas. Journalists, if they paid any attention to women at all, would tend to perceive women as the most ‘unrecognized’ element of the rural life as well as the most persistent obstacle to civilizational and cultural innovations. The Great War changed the situation. Suddenly, the “muted” participants of social life were forced to take responsibility for what so far had been solely male domain – in other words, they gained social “visibility”. The article shows how female peasants voiced their opinions in the regional press of Galicia, particularly in Piast, in which the editorial board was more than willing to provide them with such opportunities.
Key words: World War I, regional press, emancipation of women, journalism


Steffen Dzietzsch, Speculative physik versus physica sacra. Schuberts „Nachtseiten der naturwissenschaft”

Speculative Physik versus Physica Sacra. Schuberts ‚Nachtseiten der Naturwissenschaf’
The article announces the edition of a translation of Gotthilf Heinrich von Schubert’s Dark Side of Natural History, a work that signifi cantly contributed to the development of romantic philosophy. The author considers key problems of the art of translation and presents major categories and ideas of Schubert’s “dark philosophy.” Last but not least, the article makes up for insuffi cient entries concerning Schubert in classic histories of philosophy.
Key words: Schubert, romanticism, philosophy, natural science

Spekulacyjna fizyka kontra ‚physica sacra’. ‚Nocna strona przyrodoznawstwa” Schuberta

Artykuł stanowi zapowiedź edycji przekładu Nocnej strony przyrodoznawstwa Gotthilfa Heinricha von Schuberta, dzieła znaczącego dla rozwoju filozofii epoki romantyzmu. Autor porusza problem przekładu tekstu na inne języki, omawia kluczowe w tym kontekście zagadnienia z zakresu translatoryki, a w dalszej kolejności prezentuje najistotniejsze kategorie i idee „filozofii nocy” Schuberta. Niniejszy artykuł stanowi także próbę uzupełnienia braków syntetycznego omówienia idei Schuberta w klasycznych wydaniach historii filozofii.
Słowa-klucze: Schubert, preromantyzm, filozofia niemiecka, filozofia czarnego romantyzmu, przyrodoznawstwo


Katarzyna Konczewska, Paradoks małej ojczyzny. O Sokracie Janowiczu

A Paradox of the Small Native Land: On Sokrat Janowicz
The author of the article focuses on the dialogue between cultural values in so-called small native lands as represented by three contemporary writers from Belarusian – Polish – Lithuanian borderlands: Sokrat Janowicz, who advocated a dialogue between Polish and Belarusian cultures; Tadeusz Konwicki, who, even though always unwilling to give interviews, shortly before his death revealed his strong opinions in In a Hurry; and Aleksander Jurewicz, whose works describe a search for the lost native land. Three writers and three views of the small native land…
Key words: small native land, regionalism, borderland cultures, poetry from Eastern Europe


Dariusz Kulesza, Domowa historia. Próba opisania poetyckiego dorobku Elżbiety Kozłowskiej-Świątkowskiej

A Family History. A Preliminary Analysis of Elżbieta Kozłowska-Świątkowska’s Poetic Oeuvre
The article analyses the poetic works of Elżbieta Kozłowska-Świątkowska, a poet from Białystok, the author of several volumes of verse and the director of the Trans Humana publishing house. It traces ways of the poet’s artistic development from the time of her debut in 1975 in the monthly Literatura. Kozłowska-Świątkowska’s oeuvre is considered against the backdrop of historical and generational changes, with the emphasis on the fact that far from being a “generation” artist, she celebrates privacy and more often than not considers existential problems in her verse.
Key words: Polish contemporary poetry, Elżbieta Kozłowska-Świątkowska, existential poetry

 


III. Profesor Elżbieta Feliksiak. In memoriam (Professor Elżbieta Feliksiak: In Memoriam)

 

Violetta Wejs-Milewska, Elżbieta Feliksiak – Życie i twórczość (1937–2015)

Elżbieta Feliksiak (1937–2015) – Her Life and Work
The article commemorates Elżbieta Feliksiak, a long-standing Professor at the University of Białystok, the Head of the Research Unit in Theory and Anthropology
of Literature, the Director of the Institute of Polish Studies, a translator, a publisher, the President of Białystok Branch of the Adam Mickiewicz Literary Society, the originator of “Library of Memory and Thoughts” publishing series, and – above all else – a pioneer in research into memory of eastern Borderlands of Poland. The author of the article – fi rst Professor’s student and later her academic associate – presents Elżbieta Feliksiak’s professional and private life. This intimate remembrance is accompanied by samples of poetry of the late scholar.
Key words: Elżbieta Feliksiak, Vilnius, eastern Borderlands, the East


Jarosław Ławski, Wileńska Europa (spóźniona recenzja po latach)

Vilnius and Europe. (A Belated Review)
The article, as its author asserts, comprises two texts. The fi rst one is a review of “Vilnius and Vilnius Region as a Multi-Cultural Landscape,” edited by Elżbieta Feliksiak, which collects proceedings of the International Conference held in Białystok, 21–24 September 1989. Published in four volumes in 1992, the book features: testimonies and memoirs concerning Vilnius with its inhabitants and ethnic minorities; history of the town and its cultural and educational institutions; and, fi nally, an outline of literature in Vilnius. The second rationale behind the text is the author’s attempt to return to the time of a great socio-political upheaval that took place in Eastern Europe in 1989 – after all, Feliksiak’s book gave a scholarly expression to the aforementioned moment in history.
Key words: Vilnius, Eastern Europe, geopolitics, Polish-Lithuanian cultural bonds


IV. Recenzje naukowe (Scholarly Reviews)

 

Grzegorz, Czerwiński, Powrót czasopism tatarskich, czyli kolejna odsłona „Życia Tatarskiego” i seria druga „Rocznika Tatarów Polskich” [rec. „Życie Tatarskie” 2014, nr 1 (nr 39 (116)], 161 s. oraz nr 2 [nr 40 (117)], 100 s. „Rocznik Tatarów Polskich” 2014, seria 2, t. 1, 299 s.]

A Return of Tatar Press, or New Issues of Tatar Life and the Second Series of Polish Tatars Annual [Review of Tatar Life 2014, No 1 [No 39 (116)], 161 pages,
and No 2 [No 40 (117)], 100 pages; Polish Tatars Annual 2014, Series 2, Volume 1, 299 pages]


Dorota Szumilas, Nie tylko Czechow… [rec. G. Pawlak, Literatura rosyjska w Teatrze Telewizji w latach 1953–2003. Dokumentacja, wyd. przez Wydawnictwo Instytutu Badań Literackich w Warszawie, Warszawa 2014]

“Not Only Chekhov…” [Review of Grażyna Pawlak’s Russian Literature in Polish TV Theatre, 1953–2003, published by Instytut Badań Literackich PAN, Warszawa 2014]


Aleksandra Ślósarska, Bez ściszania głosu [rec. Literatura polska wobec Zagłady (1939–1968), pod red. S. Buryły, D. Krawczyńskiej, J. Leociaka, Fundacja Akademia Humanistyczna oraz Instytut Badań Literackich PAN, Warszawa 2012]

“Without Whispering” [Review of S. Buryła, D. Krawczyńska, J. Leociak (eds), Polish Literature on the Holocaust, 1939–1968, published by Instytut Badań Literackich PAN, Warszawa 2012.


Magdalena Zdunek, Spojrzenie na prasę i czasopisma Podlasia [rec. Prasa regionalna i lokalna na terenie województwa podlaskiego w latach 1989-2010. Szkice i materiały, red. Jadwiga Sadowska, Katarzyna Sawicka-Mierzyńska, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku, Białystok 2013, ss. 295]

“Daily Press and Periodicals of Podlasie” [Review of Jadwiga Sadowska, Katarzyna Sawicka-Mierzyńska (eds), Regional and Local Press in Podlaskie Voivodeship 1989–2010. Sketches and Materials, published by Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku, Białystok 2013, 295 pages.


Natalia Malutina, Моделирование сквозь призму аналитики и интерпретаци [rec. Н. Астрахан. Буття літературного твору : Аналітичне та інтерпретаційне моделювання: монографія / Наталія Астрахан. – К. : Академвидав, 2014. – 432 с. – (Серія «Монограф»)]

[Review of Н. Астрахан. Буття літературного твору : Аналітичне та інтерпретаційне моделювання: монографія / Наталія Астрахан. – К. : Академвидав, 2014. – 432 с. – (Серія «Монограф»)]


Kamil Kopania, Problemy muzeów i galerii dedykowanych sztuce współczesnej [rec. Katarzyna Jagodzińska, Czas muzeów w Europie Środkowej. Muzea i centra sztuki współczesnej (1989–2014), Międzynarodowe Centrum Kultury w Krakowie, Kraków 2014, ISBN 978-83-63463-22-9, 600 s., 147 il.]

 “Museums and Art Galleries Dedicated to Contemporary Art” [Review of Katarzyna Jagodzińska’s The Time of Museums in Central Europe. Museums and Contemporary Art Centers (1989–2014), published by Międzynarodowe Centrum Kultury w Krakowie, Kraków 2014, ISBN 978-83-63463-22-9, 600 pages, 147 illustrations.]


Sara Grudzińska, Waga pamięci [rec. Ryszard Löw, Literackie podsumowania polsko-hebrajskie i polsko-izraelskie, redakcja tomu i opracowanie tekstu Michał Siedlecki i Jarosław Ławski, posłowie Barbara Olech, Katedra Badań Filologicznych „Wschód – Zachód”, Seria „Przełomy / Pogranicza”, Białystok 2014, ss. 256]

“The Importance of Memory” [Review of Ryszard Löw’s Polish-Hebrew and Polish-Israeli Literary Recapitulations, Michał Siedlecki and Jarosław Ławski (eds),
Barbara Olech (“Afterword”), Chair in Philological Studies “East-West”, Series “Watersheds/Borderlands”, Białystok 2014, 256 pages.]


Grzegorz Nieć, Nad najnowszym tomem „Bibliografii Polskiej XIX stulecia” Estreichera [rec. Karol Estreicher, Bibliografia polska XIX stulecia, t. 18: Kor. – Koskowski, redakcja tomu Stanisław Siess-Krzyszkowski, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, Wydanie II, Kraków 2012, 239 s.]

“On the Newest Volume of Estreicher’s Polish Bibliography of the Nineteenth Century” [Review of Karol Estreicher’s Polish Bibliography of the Nineteenth Century. Volume 18:, Kor.–Koskowski, Stanisław Siess-Krzyszkowski (ed.), published by Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, The Second Edition, Kraków 2012, 239 pages.]


 

V. Sprawozdania (Reports)

Urszula Adamska, Międzynarodowa Konferencja Naukowa „Estetyczne aspekty literatury polskich, białoruskich i litewskich Tatarów (od XVI do XXI w.)”, Białystok–Sokółka 14–15 XI 2014. Sprawozdanie

The International Conference “Aesthetic Aspects of the Literature of Polish, Belarusian and Lithuanian Tatars (from the Sixteenth to the Twenty-First Century)” Białystok–Sokółka 14–15 November 2014. A Report


Monika Jurkowska, Narodziny nowoczesnej świadomości. Młodzi pozytywiści warszawscy: „Przegląd Tygodniowy” 1866 – 1876. Edycja pierwsza: Obraz człowieka – rewizje, Konferencja Naukowa. Sprawozdanie

The Conference “Birth of Modern Consciousness: Young Positivists of Warsaw: Weekly Review 1866–1876.” The First Edition: “A Picture of Man – Revisions.” A Conference Report


Anna Janicka, O Sergiuszu Piaseckim w Mińsku. Sprawozdanie z seminarium naukowego

A Report from the Seminar “On Sergiusz Piasecki in Minsk”


VI. Noty o Autorach (Notes on the Contributors)