PREZENTUJEMY PIERWSZY NUMER
JAKO CZASOPISMA NAUKOWEGO
(poprzednie numery dostępne są na stronie: PBC)
SPIS TREŚCI (TABLE OF CONTENTS)
I. Bibliologia i bibliotekoznawstwo (Bibliology and Library Science)
A Beautiful Book, an Apt Illustration According to Józef Ignacy Kraszewski
The article shows Józef Ignacy Kraszewski as an artist who was seriously engaged in all the aspects of his oeuvre’s edition, as a man who was keen on giving a final touch to the product of his pen. In fact, Kraszewski was not only a writer, but a publisher, printer and a skillful illustrator. Illustrations played a vital role in the editorial process that Kraszewski supervised and approved of. Perfectly familiar with the standards prevailing in other countries at the time, Kraszewski tried to implement them in the partitioned Poland, thus contributing to the development of readership among his natives. He did his best to emphasize typically Polish elements in the illustrations of the books that he published, and he encouraged others to follow in his footsteps. He was of the first Polish writers to see the potential hidden in illustrations that accompanied belles-lettres – Michał E. Andriolli’s pictures were unsurpassed examples for him – and saw them as an important means of shaping readers’ imagination.
Key words: book illustrations, novel, nineteenth-century literature, Romanticism, graphic arts
Jadwiga Sadowska, Twórczość Józefa Ignacego Kraszewskiego w zainteresowaniach czytelników i wydawców w latach 1944–2010
Józef Ignacy Kraszewski’s Oeuvre Perceived by Readers and Publishers in 1944 – 2010
The paper looks at the popularity of Józef Ignacy Kraszewski’s oeuvre in Poland in the period 1944-2010. The analysis draws on the number of Kraszewski’s publications as documented in the updated national bibliography and in the statistical yearbook “Publications in Numbers”. From the data that can be found there we can see that since WW II Kraszewski’s books have been published 642 times, which makes him second on the national list, just after Henryk Sienkiewicz. The first three decades of the period were the time when Kraszewski was the most frequently republished Polish author. However, the 1990s saw a drop in the number of publications, which was occasioned by the emergence of free publishing market in Poland, and the increasing competition on the part of other Polish and foreign authors. The popularity of Kraszewski’s oeuvre among Polish readers has been demonstrated on the basis of all-Poland reports on readership prepared by different institutions (e.g. The Book and Readership Institute of the National Library). The reports testify to Kraszewski’s oeuvre’s significant popularity – even at the beginning of the 21st century he was among ten most popular (Polish and foreign) writers.
Key words: editions, re-editions, readership analysis, Kraszewski’s oeuvre, readership
Marek Rutkowski, Biblioteki, zbiory naukowe i cenzura w Królestwie Polskim we wczesnym okresie paskiewiczowskim
Libraries, Collections and Censorship in the Kingdom of Poland in the Early ‘Paskiewicz Period’
The author describes the development and general state of libraries and their cultural, educational and scholarly “backstage” at the time of the Kingdom of Poland, taking into account various changes, challenges and political upheavals such as the November Uprising. It is a history of Polish endeavours to enlarge book collections and restrictions imposed by the Russian tsarist autocracy. Different people and institutions (e.g. The Learned Society) were involved in the struggle. The greatest challenge to the libraries and educational institutions at the time was how to cope with the crisis occasioned by the fiasco of the November Uprising. During that time most of book collections from the Kingdom of Poland were appropriated by the Russians and taken to Russia, or came under the strict control of Russian officials, who revised the catalogues, censored some of the publications and removed the books that were considered dangerous. Despite Polish desperate endevours to control the development of book collections, the Russian authorities managed to intensify their activities in the field of censorship and, consequently, to take control over Polish cultural and educational institutions.
Key words: libraries, censorship, collections of academic dissertations, Russian occupation in Poland in the nineteenth century, the Kingdom of Poland
Zhivka Radeva, Biblioteka jako galeria – od wewnątrz. Z dziejów Biblioteki Narodowej im. Petko Sławejkowa w Wielkim Trnowie
Library as Gallery – An Insight. From the History of Petko Slavejkov National Library in Veliko Tarnovo
The author of the article presents one of the biggest Bulgarian libraries as an institution that, apart from its basic function, i.e. making collections available to the readers, acts as a patron of the arts and an organizer of cultural activities, and functions as a museum and an art gallery. The development of the library and the process of acquiring its present status are shown against the backdrop of Veliko Tarnovo’s history, its social context and determinants of Bulgarian culture. Considering its sophisticated design and the wall paintings it is decorated with, the library itself is a work of art and a tourists’ attraction. The frescos by Georgij Bogdanov and Ilja Petrov, as well as works of numerous sculptors, painters and architects make the library an exceptionally important site for Bulgarian national culture
Key words: Bulgarian libraries, painting, architecture, synthesis of arts, multiple functionality
II. Konteksty literaturoznawcze i historyczne bibliologii i bibliotekoznawstwa
(Literary and Historical Contexts of Bibliology and Library Science)
She Loved Both Nations. Dora Kacnelson 1921–2003–2013
The author of the article sketches a portrait of Dora Kacnelson, a pre-eminent Slavicist, a scholar doing research on the history of the Eastern borderlands and Polish deportations to Russian penal colonies. Born in 1921, Dora Kacnelson, a Polish patriot, significantly contributed to sorting out collections of Polish literature in Vilnius and putting them in order. She recorded the fate of scholars from Vilnius and Lvov during WW II, and she taught at various colleges from Połock (Belarus) to Czyta (Siberia). 10 years after her death her work is still inspirational. What happened to Dora Kacnelson’s legacy – her archive with 270 files and about 300 microfilms, in particular – remains an open question.
Key words: Polish – Jewish identity, science in the Soviet Union
Solitude Among People. On Eliza Orzeszkowa’s Days
The author of the article reads Days, Eliza Orzeszkowa’s 1898-1904 diary, as an integral whole. The text of Days is an unaffected record of the writer’s everyday life: the meditative, philosophical and emotional side of this diary is dominated by the fuss and bother of the quotidian; the private “I”, in turn, is dominated by the public “I” of the literary celebrity who is dedicated to social problems. However, the author of the article highlights the fragments of Days devoted to Orzeszkowa’s major emotional concerns at the time: her old age and passing of time, the despair over her husband’s, Stanisław Nahorski’s, death, as well as her quandaries and passions generated by her last love, Franciszek Godlewski (and it is because of the latter that Days is called an “autobiography with a secret”). It turns out that the diary treats first and foremost of acute solitude and different ways of coping with it: from love to focusing on absolute values to contact with nature.
Key words: diary, privacy, encoding, solitude, positivism
The Phenomenon of Heterotopia in Radio Documentaries
The author begins his argument by reminding the reader of the notion of heterotopia as understood by Michel Foucault. The French philosopher defined heterotopia as anti-space, or such space where reality is turned inside out, contested and endowed with dual meanings. It is often the space where people who are present there have the impression that it can be understood in two radically different ways. Examples of heterotopia can be found in places heavily marked by history and in “sites of trauma”. The author makes his point drawing on two examples: Kostrzyn, a town significantly affected by an old story of the trial and execution of Hans Hermann von Katte, and Obrzyce (in the past known as Obrawalde) with its mental hospital – an institution which now is in running order, but at the time of WW II was the site of executions of patients who had been subject to cruel medical experiments.
Key words: heterotopia, radio documentary, cultural palimpsest, Nazism, history
Piotr Chomik, Wpływy bizantyjskie na kulturę monastyczną Kościoła prawosławnego w Wielkim Księstwie Litewskim
The Byzantine Influences on the Monastic Culture of the Orthodox Church in Grand Duchy of Lithuania
The author of the article presents the development of the Orthodox Church monasticism in Grand Duchy of Lithuania, emphasizing the significant influence of the Byzantine culture on this way of shaping human spirituality. The Orthodox monasticism in Lithuania is shown in the context of the Byzantium’s most general influences on the culture of the Slavs. It was from the Slavic countries – from Kievan Rus, in particular – that the monastic tradition was brought to Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In his historical outline and analysis of the process the author shows that Lithuanian monasteries maintained a close rapport with major places on the Orthodox map: Byzantium and Mount Athos. Such close connections turned Lithuanian monasteries into centers of Orthodox culture and religious education.
Key words: The Orthodox Church, Orthodox monastery, the Byzantine Empire, the culture of Grand Duchy of Lithuania, history
III. Wspomnienia i pożegnania (Obituaries)
Professor Sław Krzemień-Ojak (1931-2012) – Obituary
IV. Recenzje, omówienia, sprawozdania naukowe (Reviews, Notes, Varia)
Dorota Szumilas, ICT – zagrożenia i szanse [Rec. Anna Sitarska, Bibliografia osobowa. Korzystne i niekorzystne uwarunkowania zastosowań ICT (na przykładzie bibliografii Jana Pawła II), Białystok – Wilno 2012]
ICT – Risks and Benefits [Review of: Anna Sitarska, Personal Bibliography. Beneficial and Detrimental Aspects of ICT Application (On the Basis of John Paul II’s Bibliography), Białystok – Vilnius 2012]
Łukasz Zabielski, Między oświeceniem a romantyzmem – reinterpretacje [Rec. Elżbieta Dąbrowicz, Galeria ojców. Autorytet publiczny w literaturze polskiej lat 1800-1861, Wydawnictwo Uniwersyteckie Trans Humana, Białystok 2009, ss. 550]
[Review of: Elżbieta Dąbrowicz, Gallery of Fathers. Recognized Authorities in the Polish Literature from 1800 to 1861, Wydawnictwo Uniwersyteckie Trans Humana, Białystok 2009, pp. 550]
Kamila Gieba, Próba nowego regionalizmu [Rec. Małgorzata Mikołajczak, Zbliżenia. Studia i szkice poświęcone literaturze lubuskiej, Oficyna Wydawnicza Uniwersytetu Zielonogórskiego, Zielona Góra 2011, ss. 206]
Attempting New Regionalism [Review of: Małgorzata Mikołajczak, Focusing On. Studies in the Literature of Lubuskie Province, Oficyna Wydawnicza Uniwersytetu Zielonogórskiego, Zielona Góra 2011, Pp.206]